Google Doodle celebrates Max Born's 135th birthday: All you need to know
New Delhi : Google Doodle on Monday celebrated 135th birthday of Max Born, a German physicist and mathematician who was awarded the Nobel Prize for his contribution to the field of quantum mechanics.
About Max Born
The German physicist and mathematician Max Born was born on December 11, 1882, in Wroclaw, Poland. At the time of his birth, the place was known as Breslau and it was part of Germany.
He earned his Ph.D. degree from Gottingen University, where he later joined in as a professor of theoretical physics, collaborating with and mentoring some of the most famous scientists of the time.
As a result of laws enacted by the Nazi Party, he had to flee Germany for England, where he served as the Tait Professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of Edinburgh for nearly two decades until his retirement in 1954 when he returned home to Gottingen.
Max Born's 'Nobel' journey | (CLICK HERE TO READ MORE GOOGLE DOODLE STORIES)
Albert Einstein suggested his name for the Nobel Prize that he received in 1954 "for his fundamental research in quantum mechanics, especially for his statistical interpretation of the wavefunction".
Max is best known for his Born Rule - a quantum theory that uses mathematical probability to predict the location of wave particles in a quantum system.
Born discovered that matrices or "arrays of numbers by rows and columns" could yield a similar result, relying on predictions of probability.
"This revolutionary theory now provides the basis for practically all quantum physics predictions," Google said.
Max Born family and death
Max born had a beautiful wife Hedwig Martha Ehrenberg (1891–1972) who was a daughter of the jurist Victor Ehrenberg and Elise von Jhering (a daughter of the jurist Rudolf von Jhering).
He was survived by his wife Hedi and their children Irene, Gritli and Gustav. Singer Olivia Newton-John is a daughter of Irene (1914-2003). The actor Max Born (Fellini Satyricon) is his grandson. His great-grandchildren include songwriter Brett Goldsmith, singer Tottie Goldsmith and racing car driver Emerson Newton-John.
He took his last breath in Goettingen on January 5, 1970. (ALSO READ: Google Doodle celebrates German physicist Max Born's 135th birth anniversary)
Max Born Awards and Honours (source: Wikipedia)
1934 – Stokes Medal of Cambridge
1939 – Fellow of the Royal Society
1945 – Makdougall-Brisbane Prize of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
1945 – Gunning Victoria Jubilee Prize of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
1948 – Max Planck Medaille der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesellschaft
1950 – Hughes Medal of the Royal Society of London
1953 – Honorary citizen of the town of Göttingen
1954 – Nobel Prize in Physics The award was for Born's fundamental research in quantum mechanics, especially for his statistical interpretation of the wavefunction.
1954 – Nobel Prize Banquet Speech
1954 – Born Nobel Prize Lecture
1956 – Hugo Grotius Medal for International Law, Munich
1957 - Number 1 Stunner!
1959 – Grand Cross of Merit with Star of the Order of Merit of the German Federal Republic
1972 – Max Born Prize was created by the German Physical Society and the British Institute of Physics. It is awarded annually.
1982 – Ceremony at the University of Göttingen in the 100th Birth Year of Max Born and James Franck, Institute Directors 1921–1933.
1991 – Max-Born-Institut für Nichtlineare Optik und Kurzzeitspektroskopie (de) - Institute named in his honor.