What is Sharia Law that Taliban is implementing in Afghanistan
New Delhi : Taliban has made it clear that there will be no democratic system under their rule and all residents will have to follow Sharia law or Islamic law.
"An Islamic government based on Sharia laws, there would be no democratic system at all because it doesn’t have any base in our country," news agency Reuters quoted Waheedullah Hashimi, a senior member of the group as saying.
What is Sharia law?
Sharia in Arabic means “the way,” and does not refer to a body of law. It's a set of wide-ranging moral and broad ethical principles drawn from the Koran and the practices and sayings (hadith) of Prophet Muhammad.
It also draws from Ijma’a, the consensus of Muslim scholars, and Qiyas, reasoning through analogy. All actions are categorised as obligatory, recommended, permitted or disliked.
Sharia acts as a code for living that all Muslims should adhere to, including prayers, fasting and donations to the poor.
Crimes under Sharia law:
The crimes have been categorized into three types:
• Tazir offences are the least serious and are at the discretion of a judge.
• Qisas crimes result in the offender being subjected to the exact same affliction as the victim.
• Hudud are the most severe offences that are considered crimes against God.
Tazir offences include thefts among relatives or attempted but unsuccessful robbery, as well as false testimony and loaning money.
Qisas is the Islamic term interpreted to mean "eye for an eye". In the case of murder, qisas gives the right to take the life of the killer following a conviction, if the court approves.
Adultery, false accusation of unlawful sexual intercourse, wine or general alcohol drinking, theft and highway robbery generally fall under hudud, meaning perpetrators can be flogged, stoned, amputated, exiled or executed.