Common cancer types you must know

  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • Reddit
  • Flipboard
  • Email
  • WhatsApp
Representational Image
Representational Image

New Delhi : Cancer is a life-threatening disease snatching thousands of lives each new day. For many years now, researchers have studying to the disease, its different forms and how to stop this deadly disease. The World Health Organization (WHO) says that, worldwide, nearly 1 in 6 deaths are down to cancer. It’s shocking that there are 100 types of cancer and we hardly know few of them. Scroll down the page to know the types of cancer risk increasing day by day.

Colon Cancer

Colon cancer is the second-leading cause of cancer death. It is a type of cancer that starts in the colon or large intestine. It begins when cells in the colon start to grow abnormally. Experts say family history, including some hereditary genetic syndromes, can increase an individual’s chances of developing colon cancer. People with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are more at risk of developing colon cancer.  Tobacco use, heavy alcohol consumption, and eating a lot of red or processed meat are all factors that can increase the risk of colon or rectal cancer.

Thyroid cancer

The thyroid, butterfly-shaped gland on the front of the neck releases hormones that have a huge impact on metabolism, among other processes. Papillary thyroid cancer grows very slowly and is only found in one lobe of the thyroid. Papillary thyroid cancer is the most common type, making up about 70 to 80 percent of all thyroid cancers. Studies say that women are prone to thyroid cancer than men. The type of cancer can occur at any age, but people are at greater risk after turning 30. Having thyroid nodules means that thyroid cells have grown abnormally and have formed a lump within the thyroid gland. When they appear, common symptoms include hoarse voice, difficulty swallowing or breathing, neck pain, enlarged lymph nodes, and a cough that is not due to a cold.

Skin cancer

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), skin cancers are on the rise. The development of melanoma seems to be connected with recreational exposure to the sun and a history of sunburn. Hanging out in the sun without any kind of protection for hours on end may lead to bad burns, premature wrinkles, and, even worse, skin cancer. The most dangerous skin cancer is malignant melanoma. Squamous cell skin cancer is the second-most common form of skin cancer. It must be treated quickly or the lesion may continue to grow in size, damaging surrounding tissue, and may spread to other areas of the body.

Brain cancer

Brain in our body is the main system which controls everything we do. There are more than 120 different types of brain cancers. The most common type of primary brain cancer is called glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). The most common signs and symptoms of brain cancer include new headaches, change in the type of headaches you may normally experience dizziness, unexplained nausea and vomiting, changes in vision, confusion and memory loss, difficulty speaking, personality changes, and seizures.