Men at 62 percent increased risk of COVID associated deaths compared to women: Study
New Delhi : Dear men beware! A new research suggests men have a 62 percent greater risk of COVID-19 associated death compared to women pointing out to the higher levels of inflammation.
In most cohorts, men are overrepresented and previously published data show a higher incidence of severe courses of Covid-19 in men.
According to the study presented at ESCMID Conference on Coronavirus Disease (ECCVID, men are more likely to progress to critical phases of Covid-19.
“Men have higher death rates as well as more frequent ICU admissions and longer hospital stays, that are all associated with higher inflammatory parameters during all phases of Covid-19,” said study authors from University Hospital Regensburg, Germany.
For the study, the research team assessed 3,129 adult patients with Covid-19, enrolled between March and July 2020.
Clinical manifestation of Covid-19 was described in four phases: uncomplicated (asymptomatic/mild symptoms), complicated (need for oxygen supplementation), critical (need for critical care), and recovery.
Symptoms, vital signs, inflammatory markers, and therapeutic interventions were analyzed over all phases as was the clinical outcome.
The male: female ratio in this mostly hospital-based cohort was 1.48 with a male predominance in all age groups. Male predominance was even more pronounced in the age groups to below 65 years and below 75 years.
The findings showed that being male proved to be an independent risk factor for a 62 percent increased risk of Covid-19 associated death in an analysis adjusted for various factors.
“We need further studies on what exactly makes men more vulnerable to Covid-19. We do not yet know which biological or possibly social factors lead to these marked differences,” the authors concluded.
Recently, the study, published in the journal Current Hypertension Reports, suggested that estrogen may lessen the severity of Covid-19 symptoms in women.
As men have lower levels of estrogen, they are at a greater risk for more severe outcomes from this virus, it said.