10 historic places to visit in Mars; may be your next travel destination

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Representational Image
Representational Image

New Delhi : We have reached the Moon, stepped into the Red Planet, attempting to explore the Sun. Science is making everything possible and days are not far when we will plan tourism on Mars. Well, if future, if Mars is our dream travel destination, then we could see many historic places there. Let's see what's there in store for tourists on Mars.

Your first stop will be the north pole of the red planet. This ice cap is bigger than Texas, and is mostly covered in water ice and solid carbon dioxide, aka dry ice. 

Heading south you will visit Kasei Valles. It's a vast system of chasms five times longer and 10 times wider than the Grand Canyon, and scientists think it formed in a similar way. Billions of years ago, Mars was warmer, and covered with liquid water, which likely carved out valleys like this one.

Mawrth Vallis is another valley close by, but it looks very different from our previous spot, thanks to its multicolored layers of clay. These deposits probably formed over millennia as Mars shifted towards a colder, drier climate, and they could provide clues to the history of liquid water and possible ancient life on Mars.

The next stop is Bacquerel Crater which is filled with rocks made of sulfate similar to ones on Earth that form after water evaporates, which has led scientists to suspect that this crater may once have been a massive lake over 160 kilometers wide.

Next you will visit Iani Chaos which is a maze of rugged cliffs and pillar-like hills called mesas that extend for 200 kilometers, and since there is nothing like it on Earth, scientists aren't exactly sure how these unique features formed. Its larger neighbor, Hydraotes Chaos, probably formed in a similar mysterious way. It stretches 350 kilometers, the same distance as New York City to Boston.

Then comes the Valles Marineris, one of the greatest attractions on Mars.  It's the largest canyon in the solar system, running the length of New York to Los Angeles, and plunging four times as deep as the Grand Canyon.

Following the canyon's main channel north, you will reach Hebes Chasma. It's tiny compared to Valles Marineris, but it's worth the trek for a glimpse of the chasma's prominent mesa.

And no trip to Mars would be complete without a visit to Olympus Mons, the tallest volcano in the solar system. It covers a region the size of Arizona. It's three times as tall as Mount Everest, and can comfortably fit all the volcanoes in Hawaii.

Moving to south, you'll see Promethei Planum. It's a plane near the South Pole, covered in a sheet of ice nearly one and a half times as thick as the East Antarctic Ice Sheet.

Next, you'll  swing around to Rabe Crater. It's covered in giant sand dunes 150 to 200 meters high, almost as tall as the Golden Gate Bridge.

With a visit to Neukum Crater, your tour will come to an end. This oldest region of Mars date back to 3.9 billion years ago. Scientists think this crater formed from a powerful impact early in Mars's history. In fact, you can still see pockmarks left by the crash.