Oceans on Earth will boil one day, here's why

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Representational Image
Representational Image

New Delhi : Scientists believe that one day; the mighty oceans on our Earth will start boiling due to the presence of hot ball of gas at the heart of our planetary neighbourhood. Its surface burns at more than 10,000 degrees Fahrenheit and it constantly blows out a stream of solar wind. 

But, the ball will not continue to burn like this forever. Someday, it will expand into a red giant, frying the inner solar system. It will certainly end its life as a hot, dense white dwarf like the relic of stellar core.

It is also believed that before the hot fire ball comes to an end, the sun will heat up Earth beyond habitability as it releases more and more energy. After around one to two billion years, the Earth's seas will start to boil as the sun gets hotter and hotter. Well, this is a prediction of astrophysicist and author Ethan Siegel, as mentioned on Forbes. 

Siegel wrote that the sun is slowly getting lighter. It's by far the most massive object in the solar system, but it is losing mass all the time. The sun’s gravitational pull forged our solar neighbourhood, attracting more and more matter to the glowing hulk.

But eventually, he explained, radiation from the sun and from other stars bring down the growth of our planetary neighbourhood. “The matter that would continue to fall in gets blown away, eventually giving rise to our modern Solar System,” Siegel wrote.

In the meantime, the glowing ball is continually releasing a stream of particles known as solar wind. It blows out millions of particles in the bursts of solar mass ejections. According to Siegel, the sun sheds a mass roughly equivalent to that of one Earth in 150 million years of solar wind.

He added, the sun has shed some 95 Earth masses as a result of fusion. That dwarfs roughly 30 lost to solar wind so far. The store of helium at the sun’s inner part will heat up our Earth as it grows.